European External Action Service. The EEAS was formally launched in 2011, and is the EU’s diplomatic service. It helps the EU’s foreign affairs chief – the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy – carry out the Union’s Common Foreign and Security Policy. Sanctions – also referred to as restrictive measures – against third countries, individuals or entities, are an essential EU foreign policy tool that it uses to pursue objectives in accordance with the principles of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. The EU Consolidated List is published on the EEAS website http://eeas.europa.eu/cfsp/sanctions/index_en.htm