Primer on agencies that enforce US sanctions: State agencies and regulators

November 3, 2016
By Anna Sayre, Legal Content Writer, SanctionsAlert.com

The US has one of the most complex national systems of sanctions enforcement in the world. This system derives from the number of agencies that are empowered to initiate actions against violators of US sanctions. Because each US agency maintains a different “Do Not Touch” list, organizations and individuals on the various lists may differ. Furthermore, the regulations issued by these various agencies often have areas of overlap. It is not uncommon for three or four US agencies to take action jointly, thus exposing a business to multiple investigations and varying penalties. (more…)

PanAm Seed case shows how (not) to respond when OFAC knocks on the door

October 24, 2016
By: Daniel Calloway, Legal Content Writer, SanctionsAlert.com

On September 13, 2016, Pan American Seed Company, a US-based producer of flower seeds, agreed to pay over $4,000,000 to settle potential civil liability for alleged violations of the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations.

The settlement comes after the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) – the US Treasury’s agency tasked with US sanctions administration and enforcement – allegations that PanAm Seed, indirectly exported flower seeds to two Iranian distributors on 48 separate occasions. (more…)